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Montessori Method Traditional Method
Emphasis is on cognitive and social development Emphasis is on social development
Teacher has unobtrusive role in classroom Teacher is center of classroom as "controller"
Environment and method encourage self-discipline Teacher is primary enforcer of discipline
Mainly individual instruction Group and individual instruction
Grouping encourages children to teach and help each other Most teaching is done by the teacher
Child chooses own work Curriculum is structured for the child
Child discovers own concepts from self-teaching materials Child is guided to concepts by the teacher
Child works as long as he wishes on chosen project Child is generally allotted specific time for work
Child sets own learning pace Instruction pace is usually set by group norm
Child spots own errors from feedback of material If work is corrected, errors usually are pointed out by the teacher
Child reinforces own learning by repetition of work and internal feelings of success Learning is reinforced externally by repetition and rewards
Multi-sensory materials for physical exploration Fewer materials for sensory development
Organized program for learning care of self and environment Less emphasis of self-care instruction
Child can work where he chooses, move around and talk at will (yet not disturb the work of others) Child usually assigned own chair; encouraged to participate, sit still and listen during group sessions
Oak Park Montessori is Accredited by the American Montessori Society. Web Design by project36 Chicago